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BRS Behavioral Sciences 5th Edition pdf

BRS Behavioral Sciences 5th Edition pdf

BRS Behavioral Sciences 5th Edition pdf

BRS Behavioral Sciences 5th Edition pdf free download

BRS Behavioral Sciences 5th Edition ebook

Table of Contents:

1. THE BEGINNING OF LIFE: PREGNANCY

THROUGH PRESCHOOL 1

I. Childbirth and the Postpartum Period 1

II. Infancy: Birth to 15 Months 4

III. The Toddler Years: 15 Months–21/2 Years 6

IV. The Preschool Child: 3–6 Years 7

Review Test 8

2. SCHOOL AGE, ADOLESCENCE, SPECIAL ISSUES

OF DEVELOPMENT, AND ADULTHOOD 13

I. Latency or School Age: 7–11 Years 13

II. Adolescence: 11–20 Years 14

III. Special Issues in Child Development 15

IV. Early Adulthood: 20–40 Years 16

V. Middle Adulthood: 40–65 Years 16

Review Test 18

3. AGING, DEATH, AND BEREAVEMENT 23

I. Aging 23

II. Stages of Dying and Death 25

III. Bereavement (Normal Grief ) Versus Depression (Abnormal

Grief or Complicated Bereavement) 25

Review Test 27

4. GENETICS, ANATOMY, AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF BEHAVIOR 31

I. Behavioral Genetics 31

II. Behavioral Neuroanatomy 32

III. Neurotransmission 34

IV. Biogenic Amines 35

V. Amino Acid Neurotransmitters 37

VI. Neuropeptides 37

Review Test 39

5. BIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF PATIENTS

WITH PSYCHIATRIC SYMPTOMS 44

I. Overview 44

II. Measurement of Biogenic Amines and Psychotropic Drugs 44

III. Dexamethasone Suppression Test (DST) 45

IV. Tests of Endocrine Function 45

V. Neuroimaging and Electroencephalogram Studies 45

VI. Neuropsychological Tests 46

VII. Other Tests 47

Review Test 48

6. PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY AND DEFENSE

MECHANISMS 52

I. Overview 52

II. Freud’s Theories of the Mind 52

III. Defense Mechanisms 53

IV. Transference Reactions 53

Review Test 56

7. LEARNING THEORY 60

I. Overview 60

II. Habituation and Sensitization 60

III. Classical Conditioning 61

IV. Operant Conditioning 61

Review Test 64

8. CLINICAL ASSESSMENT OF PATIENTS

WITH BEHAVIORAL SYMPTOMS 69

I. Overview of Psychological Testing 69

II. Intelligence Tests 69

III. Achievement Tests 70

IV. Personality Tests 71

V. Psychiatric Evaluation of the Patient with Emotional Symptoms 71

Review Test 74

9. SUBSTANCE ABUSE 77

I. Substance Abuse, Definitions, Epidemiology, and Demographics 77

II. Stimulants 78

III. Sedatives 79

IV. Opioids 81

V. Hallucinogens and Related Agents 82

VI. Clinical Features of Substance Abuse 83

VII. Treatment 85

Review Test 86

10. NORMAL SLEEP AND SLEEP DISORDERS 91

I. Normal Awake and Sleep States 91

II. Classification of Sleep Disorders 93

III. Insomnia 93

IV. Breathing-Related Sleep Disorder (Sleep Apnea) 95

V. Narcolepsy 95

VI. Treatment of Sleep Disorders 95

Review Test 97

11. SCHIZOPHRENIA AND OTHER PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS 103

I. Schizophrenia 103

II. Other Psychotic Disorders 106

Review Test 108

12. MOOD DISORDERS 113

I. Overview 113

II. Classification of Mood Disorders 114

III. Etiology 117

IV. Treatment 118

Review Test 119

13. ANXIETY, SOMATOFORM AND FACTITIOUS

DISORDERS, AND MALINGERING 124

I. Anxiety Disorders 124

II. Somatoform Disorders 126

III. Factitious Disorder (Formerly Munchausen Syndrome), Factitious

Disorder by Proxy, and Malingering 127

Review Test 129

14. COGNITIVE, PERSONALITY, DISSOCIATIVE,

AND EATING DISORDERS 136

I. Cognitive Disorders 136

II. Personality Disorders 139

III. Dissociative Disorders 139

IV. Obesity and Eating Disorders 141

Review Test 143

15. PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS IN CHILDREN 150

I. Pervasive Developmental Disorders of Childhood 150

II. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Disruptive Behavior

Disorders of Childhood 151

III. Other Disorders of Childhood 152

Review Test 154

16. BIOLOGIC THERAPIES: PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY 158

I. Overview 158

II. Antipsychotic Agents 158

III. Antidepressant Agents 160

IV. Mood Stabilizers 162

V. Antianxiety Agents 163

VI. Electroconvulsive Therapy 164

Review Test 166

17. PSYCHOLOGICAL THERAPIES 172

I. Psychoanalysis and Related Therapies 172

II. Behavioral Therapies 173

III. Other Therapies 174

Review Test 176

18. THE FAMILY, CULTURE, AND ILLNESS 180

I. Overview of the Family 180

II. Demographics and Current Trends 180

III. Culture in the United States 181

IV. Subcultures 182

Review Test 185

19. SEXUALITY 189

I. Sexual Development 189

II. The Biology of Sexuality in Adults 190

III. Sexual Dysfunction 191

IV. Paraphilias 193

V. Illness, Injury, and Sexuality 194

VI. Aging and Sexuality 194

VII. Drugs and Sexuality 195

VIII. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Sexuality 195

Review Test 197

20. AGGRESSION AND ABUSE 203

I. Aggression 203

II. Abuse and Neglect of Children and the Elderly 204

III. Physical and Sexual Abuse of Domestic Partners 206

IV. The Role of the Physician in Suspected Child, Elder, and Domestic

Partner Abuse 206

V. Sexual Aggression: Rape and Related Crimes 207

Review Test 209

21. THE PHYSICIAN-PATIENT RELATIONSHIP 213

I. Medical Practice 213

II. Compliance (Adherence) 214

III. The Clinical Interview 215

Review Test 218

22. PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE 225

I. Stress and Health 225

II. Psychological Stress in Specific Patients 226

III. Patients with Chronic Pain 227

IV. Patients with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 228

Review Test 229

23. LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES IN MEDICINE 233

I. Legal Competence 233

II. Informed Consent 234

III. Confidentiality 235

IV. Reportable Illnesses 235

V. Ethical Issues Involving HIV Infection 236

VI. Involuntary and Voluntary Psychiatric Hospitalization 236

VII. Advance Directives 237

VIII. Death and Euthanasia 237

IX. Medical Malpractice 238

X. Impaired Physicians 239

XI. Answering USMLE Legal and Ethical Issues Questions 239

Review Test 240

24. HEALTH CARE IN THE UNITED STATES 249

I. Health Care Delivery Systems 249

II. Costs of Health Care 250

III. Payment for Health Care: Health Insurance 251

IV. Demographics of Health 252

Review Test 255

25. EPIDEMIOLOGY 259

I. Epidemiology: Incidence and Prevalence 259

II. Research Study Design 260

III. Quantifying Risk 260

IV. Bias, Reliability, and Validity 262

V. Clinical Probability and Attack Rate 264

Review Test 266

26. STATISTICAL ANALYSES 273

I. Elements of Statistical Analyses 273

II. Hypothesis Testing 276

III. Specific Statistical Tests 276

Review Test 278

Comprehensive Examination 282

Index 309

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